A complex is a core pattern of emotions, memories, perceptions, and wishes in the personal unconscious, organized around a common theme, such as power or status. Primarily a psychoanalytic term, it is found extensively in the works of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud. The term complex is a contribution of Carl Jung to psychology. Use of this term is now a day is very common. Most of the movies are based on such complex for e.g, I’m Glad My Mother Is Alive (2009), Elektra(2011), I Killed My Mother (2009) and so on.
1. Cinderella complex: The term explains an unconscious desire to be taken care of by others. Just like Cinderella from the little glass slipper. Hence, the term Cinderella complex. The term was first coined by Colette Dowling, who wrote a book on women’s fear of independence.
2. Hero complex/syndrome: The hero syndrome is a phenomenon affecting people who seek heroism or recognition, usually by making a dangerous situation which they can resolve. This syndrome affects people who seek thrilling action in their life. Hero complex is also a cause of crime. Many people commit illegal acts in the process.
3. Martyr complex: A person who has this complex, sometimes associated with the term victim complex, desires the feeling of being a martyr for his/her own sake, seeking out suffering or victimization because it either feeds a psychological need or a desire to avoid responsibility. Martyr complex is still seen in some religious groups.
If you want to see this complex in your surrounding then take the example of elderly people who complain all the time. No matter what, they have the need to be a victim and complain always and relentlessly.
4. Superman complex: A superman complex is an unhealthy sense of responsibility and duties or the belief that everyone else lacks the capacity to successfully perform one or more tasks. An affected person may always think that everyone needs help.
5. Messiah complex: aka Christ/savior complex is a state of mind in which an individual holds a belief that he or she is destined to become a savior. The term “messiah complex” is not included in DSM(diagnostic and statistical manual) of mental disorders. Well, known examples are Jim Jones-American cult leader, David Koresh-religious sect leader, and Inri Cristo, he actually claimed to be Jesus Christ reincarnated.
6. Jocasta complex
It is an obsessive fixation of a mother on her son, which is intensified by latent desire and creation of an adoration cult of a son. Many have heard of Oedipus complex, however, only a few are aware that as much as Oedipus desired his mother, his mother, Jocasta, had the same feelings towards her son. Usually, such a relationship develops in absence of a strong father figure, or father at all.
–Domineering and intense adoration, which converts into blind worshiping of a son;
– The unsatisfied desire for constant physical contact revealing non-incestuous love;
– Mother`s unceasing demands of the permanent presence of son by her side.
A boy, surrounded by mother`s hyper care, grows into an adult who does not fully realize that the mother-son relations could be freer and less emotionally dependent. For mamma`s boy, it is difficult to lead a sovereign life as a man, as all steps, even a choice of his woman should be agreed with the mother. And this is not because he does not have his own opinion. Most probably he does, however, it is hidden so deeply inside under tectonic layers of mother`s influence.
If a mother has several sons, Jocasta complex is likely to manifest itself in relation only to one son, the most chosen one.
7. Medea Complex
This complex illustrates unconscious or pre-conscious dislike of a mother toward her children, which evidences all mother’s attempts to harm her children morally, verbally and physically. In such a way, a biological mother satisfies her pathological desire to revenge on her husband. Therefore, by hurting her kids, she also inflicts injury on her husband.
8. Cleopatra Complex
The complex of Cleopatra or a Complex of a Queen is natural to a big number of powerful women. She is assured of her own uniqueness and property of total power above the rest of the world owing to her renowned beauty, great talent or other exceptional qualities.
At first sight, such a woman might seem distant and disinterested in the company of men: a priori she considers that no man deserves her. From her partners, she demands total adoration and veneration as that is what her sensation of exclusiveness urges. And in a case when it is not received, the consequences might be dramatic and even tragic for both parts. Any competitor might be dropped instantly as such a woman asks a man to be to totally loyal to her.
It is difficult to name at least one powerful woman who would not experience ‘the dilemma of Cleopatra’ to the point that it is commonly considered as an elite mark rather than a psychological disorder. However, the complex is dangerous, as a woman, who possesses a ‘Complex of Cleopatra’ is perceptible to commit suicide.